A documentary centered on Filipino perspectives of the first circumnavigation of the world. The world of our ancestors witnessed by the Magellan-Elcano expedition was not of savages and Philippine history did not start in 1521.


Through the insights of distinguished Filipino historians, Kaagi: The Philippines and the First Circumnavigation explores the Filipino perspective of the first circumnavigation of the world. It highlights the generosity, compassion, and humanity of our ancestors when they received and nursed to life the starving members of the Magellan-Elcano expedition that crossed the Pacific Ocean in 1521, as well as the gallantry of the warriors of Mactan, which influenced Filipino heroes and history icons who established the Philippines as a nation.

The documentary also recognizes the region’s rich civilization before the Spaniards arrived in the islands 500 years ago. And explores relevant events after the Battle of Mactan that contributed significantly to the first circumnavigation.

Resource Persons

Michael Charleston “Xiao” Briones Chua

Public Historian

Xiao Chua is an active public historian on Philippine television and one of the most visible history speakers in social media and cyberspace in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. He wrote articles about the...

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Jobers Bersales, Ph.D.


Dr. Jobers Bersales is a full professor of anthropology at the University of San Carlos. He is currently the director of the USC Museum and is one of the most prominent Cebuano historians...

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George Emmanuel Borrinaga, Ph.D.


Dr. George Borrinaga is an assistant professor in history at the Department of Anthropology, Sociology, and History of the University of San Carlos. He completed his PhD in History at the University...

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Rolando Borrinaga, Ph.D.


Dr. Rolando Borrinaga is the author of many notable books on Samar and Leyte history, including the 2003 National Book Award in History finalist The Balangiga Conflict Revisited. He co-translated and co-edited...

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Danilo Gerona, Ph.D.


Specializing in the early Spanish colonial history of the Philippines, Dr. Danilo Gerona did extensive post-graduate research in various archives in the Philippines, Spain, Portugal, and Italy...

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Rene Escalante, Ph.D.

Chair, National Historical Commission of the Philippines

Dr. Rene R. Escalante is a Professor of History and former Chair of the Department of History of De La Salle University. He was elected Chair of the National Committee on Historical Research of the...

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Ian Christopher Alfonso

Senior History Researcher,
National Historical Commission of the Philippines

Ian Alfonso is a Senior History Researcher of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines and concurrently the Secretariat Head of the National Quincentennial Committee. He is also a Board Member...

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Film Credits

A production by the
National Quincentennial Committee

Historical Consultant Michael Charleston "Xiao" Briones Chua
Video Production Company Project V Media
Director Allan Lazaro
Project Manager Bernadette Chua
Writer/Producer Lea Paz Torre
Producer Ivy Suzette Gucilatar-Ponce
Videographers Ralph Espina, Allan Lazaro, Mark Lester Miranda, John Mac Marcos, Christian Ceasar Baclaan, Ruel Camo, Justine Julius Masagca
Video Editor Allan Lazaro
Graphics and Animation Kinetic Design Studios Inc., Drewlabs Studio, Think Thirsty Creative Group OPC, Rendering Kreations Graphic Design Services
Colorist Pete Manabat
Film Scorer Ian Joseph Tan

Learn more about the world of our ancestors as witnessed by the Magellan-Elcano expedition